Medical Office Practices

Medical Office Practices

You Will Learn How To

  • Asepsis in the Medical Office
  • Measure Vital Signs
  • Assist at Examination and Treatment
  • Administer Common Clinical Testing
  • Define regulations related to the administration of medication
  • Describe procedures regarding patient medication, drug classification, dosage and common methods of administration

Topics Covered

Asepsis in the Medical Office

  • a) Common pathogens
  • b) The chain of infection
    • Causative agents
    • Pathogenic reservoirs
    • Transmission of infection
    • Entry ports
  • c) Medical/surgical asepsis
  • d) Infection control methods
    • Handwashing and gloving
    • Sanitization
    • Chemical disinfection
    • Autoclaving
    • The sterile pack
    • Contaminated material procedures
    • Good housekeeping
    • Universal precautions
    • Isolation systems
stethascope

Measuring Vital Signs

  • a) Height/weight measurements
  • b) Temperature
    • Factors affecting temperature
    • Temperature measurement sites, including oral, rectal, axillary and tympanic
    • Care and use of common clinical thermometers
    • Normal temperature values
    • Hypothermia, fever and hyperthermia
    • Recording and reporting temperature
  • c) Pulse
    • Factors affecting pulse rate and character
    • Pulse sites: radial, apical, others
    • Normal pulse values according to age
    • Recording and reporting pulse readings
  • d) Blood Pressure
    • Systolic and diastolic blood pressure
    • Using blood pressure equipment
    • Recording and reporting blood pressures
  • e) Respiration
    • Counting
    • Respiratory patterns
    • Normal respiratory rates and patterns
    • Recording and reporting respiratory rates and patterns
    • Common disruptions
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Assisting at Examination and Treatment

  • a) Preparing / updating the patient chart
  • b) Preparing the room and patient
  • c) Instruments for routine procedures
  • d) Minor surgery tray
  • e) The sterile field
  • f) Assisting the physician
  • g) Post-procedural patient assistance and cleanup
  • h) Dressings and bandages

Common Clinical Testing

  • a) Visual acuity
    • Near vision acuity chart
    • Snellen eye chart
  • b) Principles of audiometry
  • c) Sonogram principles
  • d) Radiographic principles
    • Functions
    • Safety
    • Patient preparation
    • Care and handling of radiographs

Orientation to Medication

  • a) Basics of pharmacology
    • Legal requirements
    • Terms and abbreviations
    • Prescriptions
    • labeling
  • b) The apothecary system
  • c) Calculating dosage
  • d) Drug classification and types
  • e) Understanding methods of administration
    • Oral medications
    • Mucous membrane medications
    • Topical medications
    • Prenatal medications
  • f) The 6 rights of drug administration
    • Right Patient
    • Right Drug
    • Right Dose
    • Right Route
    • Right Time
    • Right Documentation